The effects of Noise on Aquatic Noise






About Budapest

Budapest is a wonderful city offering a variety of tours and excursions for everyone.


Pearl of the Danube, Little Paris, The City of Baths, Budapest has many names and even more personalities. Capital of a vibrant new Hungary, it is one of the oldest, and youngest, cities in the world. But, throughout a history that has included invasions, occupations and destruction, this charming city of culture has never lost its beauty or gritty sense of humor.

As Hungary is unimaginable without Budapest, Budapest is unimaginable without the Danube. The waterway and the favorable geographical situation - this is where the Plain meets the mountainous region - already attracted the attention of the Romans. On the right bank of the Danube lies hill-covered Buda, a part of the city with many historic relicts, museums and hundreds of villas with lovely gardens. In contrast there is Pest on the left bank, a flat area accommodating all the official office and business buildings, and in the outlying districts big industrial enterprises.

Buda Castle

The area of the capital was already a human settlement two thousand years ago; Celts and Illyrians lived here. It also attracted the Romans, who, through the strategic location on the Danube and its plentiful thermal springs, established a flourishing settlement of 30,000. The Magyars, ancestors of today's Hungarians, coming from the East, conquered the region in 896 and in the course of a century the Hungarian State was formed. All through to the 15th century, when it was an eastern center of the European Renaissance, the towns that would become Budapest blossomed.

In the 16th century, the armies of the spreading Turkish Empire occupied a large part of the country, including Buda. The population became impoverished, masses were carried off to Turkish slavery and the towns became empty and deserted. Following 150 years of occupation by the Turks, when many of the city's churches were converted to mosques, the 17th century brought rapid growth to Buda and Pest. After the ousting of the Turks in 1686, the rule of the Austrian Royal House of Habsburg in Hungary began. The reconstruction of Budapest started and baroque was the predominant style. At the start of the 19th century Pest and Buda were already the center of the country but it was only in 1873 those three towns along the Danube River - Buda, Pest and Obuda - united to become one city, making Budapest one of the most youthful capitals in the world.

Chain Bridge     

After unification, the capital became one of the glittering cities of Europe. Many of Budapest's most beautiful buildings were erected, the world's first underground rail system was constructed, and the arts flourished. The battle for Hungarian national independence broke into revolution on March 15, 1848. For some months Pest Buda became the capital of independent Hungary, the seat of the Hungarian government. But the struggle for freedom was crushed and again the Austrian Emperor’s government ruled over the country.

The Hungarians were not too fortunate in their efforts for independence. When the Austrian Empire was crushed into pieces, Hungary being one of them, it didn’t take too long until a soviet supported communist regime took the “vacant power position”. Then came two world wars (much of Budapest was destroyed in 1944 and 1945), and the long Russian domination. Through it all, the people of Budapest preserved their national identity with wry humor and self-respect. They insisted on celebrating their culture and traditions, persistently demanded democracy and, in the process, created what they sardonically called "the happiest barracks in the Eastern Bloc." On October 23, 1989 Hungary declared itself a democratic republic, ending over 40 years of communist rule and the “Iron Curtain” has been literally torn down.

Why people travel to Budapest
The area of the country is barely 100,000 km2. The language is spoken nowhere else: 14,5 million people speak Hungarian and it is one of the official languages in the EU. Their folk songs bear no resemblance to those of other nations. Yet, the Hungarian people have been living in the centre of Europe for over 1,100 years, being the Member of the European Union since May 2004. The country boasts a heritage that attracts people from far and wide. The metropolis with a population of 2 million is bisected by the mighty flow of the Danube with hills and valleys on the Buda side and the flat, low-lying Pest on the other.

Budapest is the “Pearl of the Danube”: Although initially inhabited fifty thousand years ago, it has only had its present name for a mere 130 years. Prior to 1873, Óbuda, Buda and Pest were separate towns.

Magical Panorama: UNESCO World Heritage: Unparalleled scenery - anybody who has ever seen it illuminated by night can understand why.

237 Monuments, 223 Museums – Rich Architectural Heritage:
It's monuments include 2,000-year-old Roman amphitheaters, 400-year-old Turkish baths and unique Hungarian Art Nouveau buildings from the 19th century. The cityscape owes its uniform appearance to the elegant mansions erected in Eclectic style in the early 20th century. Lovers of culture are spoilt for choice with 237 monuments, 223 museums and galleries, 35 theatres, 90 cinemas, 2 opera houses and 12 concert halls. Around 200 excursion destinations offer a wide variety of things to do. Throughout the 365 days of the year, travel agencies organize walks and sightseeing tours by coach and boat, tailored to individual requirements.

Internationally Recognized Cultural Events & Festivals

Europe’s Largest Spa City – 100 Thermal Springs:
Under its hills there is a system of caves with thermal waters gushing from 80 thermal springs which supply 12 spas with 70 million liters of water daily. It is the only capital city in the world where there are more than one hundred hot thermal springs. There are no other cities of comparable size anywhere where visitors can explore dripstone (stalactite) caves in the middle of the residential districts.

After Iceland, Hungary has the world’s largest reserve of surface thermal water: hundreds of springs help thousands in recovering of yachting and lovers of the beach.

Parliament Building

The Continent’s Largest Parliament

World’s Second Largest Synagogue: – The Great Synagogue is the largest Jewish synagogue in Europe and the largest in the World after New York City’s Temple Emanu-El. The three-part interior seats over 3,000 people.

The transport system also has some interesting features. The first underground railway of Europe has been connecting the downtown with the City Park for over 100 years. In the Buda hills you will find the world's third hill railway and a narrow-gauge forest railway operated by children.

Did you know that Hungary has the most famous sportsmen and scientists in comparison to its population? From here originated more pioneering Hollywood film makers than from any other European city. Budapest was the home of such world class inventors as Kálmán Kandó, the father of electric railways, and János Irinyi, one of the early developers of matches. Hungary's two most celebrated composers - Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály - lived in Budapest, and Nobel Prize-winning Hungarian author Imre Kertész was born here.

Relevant to our meeting, Budapest was the birthplace of Georg von Békésy, winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 1960. Von Békésy did pioneering work on the function of the ear, including demonstrating the place mechanism of hearing.

Albert Szent-Györgyi was a Hungarian physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine. He is credited with detecting vitamin C.

Ferenc Puskás was a legendary Hungarian footballer and manager and is regarded as one of the greatest footballers of all time. During the 1950s he was both a prominent member and captain of the legendary Hungarian national team known as the “Magical Magyars”, Hungary’s wonder team which beat England by 6:3 to be the first ever foreign side to win at Wembley.

The Rubik's Cube is a 3-D mechanical puzzle invented by a Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik. It is originally called the "Magic Cube" this special puzzle won the German Game of the Year special award for Best Puzzle. It is said to be the world's best-selling toy, with over 300,000,000 Rubik's Cubes being sold worldwide.

Hungary is the second best tourist destination in the world taking the price-value ratio into consideration.

Why Budapest?

Geographical attractions - Explore

Gastronomy - Taste

Culture - Learn

Get Music - Feel

Relax - Baths